Ashamed of being Bulgarians? Shame and guilt as strategies of creating consciousness in the Bulgarian community in the 18th and the 19th c.

The class presents definitions of this emotion, driven from major psychological and philosophical studies and then investigates what are the premises of a recurrent accusations of Bulgarians to feel guilt for their social behavior. This time the primary sources will be chosen out of the most significant text from the Bulgarian literary canon of the 19th c. However, they will be regarded from the perspective of the performative force of shaming and accusing for the so called “awakening” or “revival” that has become a metaphor for the period.


  • Paisij Hilendarski. Istoria slavjanobolgarskaja. (History of Slavo-Bulgarians). 1762
  • Sofronij Vratchanski – usage of except from this autobiography for quantitative analysis with
  • Yossif Bradati. Protiv narodnite sueveria (A speech against folk beliefs and superstitions) 1778.
  • Yuri Venelin. Pismo do Vasil Aprilov (Letter from Yurii Venelin to Vasil Aprilov 1838).
  • Dimiter Popski. Ode za Sofornij Vrachanski (Ode for Sophronii from Vratza) 1813.
  • Petko Slavejkov. Bednost na istoriata ni I izrodenieto na mnogo balgari (Our poor history and the decline of Bulgarians) 1867.
  • Raino Popovich. Hristoitia ili blagonravie. (A conduct book of manners) 1837.

Mandatory reading:

  • Дамянова, Румяна. Емоциите в културата на Българското възраждане. София: Сиела, 2009.
  • Tagney, June Price and Ronda Darling. Shame and Guilt. New York and London: Guilford Press, 2004.

Recommended readings:

  • Dawson, Hannah. “Shame in early modern thought: from sin to sociability.” History of European Ideas 45, Issue 3, 2019: 377-398.