Module 1. CAPITALIST INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISE
Module 2. SOCIALIST INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISE
- Topic 8. Large Enterprises as a Basis of Soviet Economy
- Topic 9. Improving Labor Productivity: Scientific Management and Stakhanovism in the Soviet Union
- Topic 10. Finding Workers to Build Socialism
- Topic 11. Industrial Enterprise and Townscape: the Kharkiv Tractor Factory Case
- Topic 12. Marketing for Socialism
- Topic 13. Cooperation between Socialist and Capitalist Enterprises
- Topic 14. Industrial Enterprise and Environmental Hazard
- Topic 15. Environmental Degradation and Human Health Problems
- Topic 16. Heritage of Industrial Enterprise in the Postindustrial Period
Topic 2. Family Enterprise
Read: Bowman, Linda. “Seeking salvation: moral economies and management at the Morozov mills, 1885–1905.” Social History 28, no. 3 (2003): 322-345.
The paper examines the history of two large textile enterprises, Vikula Morozov Company and Savva Morozov Company in Nikolsk, Vladimir province, from 1885 to 1905. Their story helps us understand the nature of big family business in the late Russian Empire and introduces three issues: clan rivalries, management-labor conflict, and the battle between the bureaucracy and the private businesses over contested taxes. This case demonstrates the difficulties of initiating, legitimating and “naturalizing” industrial capitalism in a predominantly rural, pre-modern environment. It contributes to our knowledge of the role of ethical ideas and values in setting the terms of business activity in particular historical contexts.
Questions for preparation:
1. How can we explain the entrepreneurial overrepresentation of such groups as Old Believers and Jews, who had a special social position in Russian society?
2. Describe the management style at Vikula Morozov Company and Savva Morozov Company. What are the main similarities and differences? What competitive advantages did these two companies have?
3. How did the Morozovs use a “moral economy” for their advantage?
4. Are there other examples of establishing moral communities by businesses in Europe and beyond?
5. Why is the idea of a family enterprise often romanticized in history?